Early Australia – Synthesising

Today we are going to use our synthesising skills to learn more about Australia’s history. When we read we can use our comprehension skills to learn new information and change our ideas and opinions that we may have had.

When we synthesise, we need to track our thinking. We can do this by tracking our thinking prior to reading, during reading and after reading.

– Before reading I think…

– I now think…

I now know…

I think…

After reading I think… I think this because…

Early Australia

When and where did the first people come from?
Humans probably began settling in Australia at least 50 000 years ago. It may even, according to some archaeologists, have been as long ago as 70 thousand years ago. No one knows how many different groups came to Australia, but it thought that the way some of the first people came was by moving along a chain of islands from Sulawesi (Sulawesi is in Borneo and is now part of Indonesia) and New Guinea. Others may have reached North Western Australia via Timor.

Settling across Australia.
These first Australians 
soon occupied much of Australia. Different groups had separate territory and they moved through their territory on foot, making pathways beside streams and rivers, or between water-holes. The different groups asked permission if they were wanting to pass through another group’s territory.

Some groups of people settled on the islands in the Torres Strait and are known as Torres Strait Islanders. These Islanders and the Aboriginal people in Northern Australia made rafts and canoes and travelled across rivers and across the sea.
Those Aborigines who travelled south and crossed into the land we now call Tasmania,
(Tasmania was joined to the mainland of Australia until about 14 000 years ago) became separated from the mainland when the sea level rose.

How did they live?
Australian Aboriginal people were 
hunters and ate the animals they caught, they were alsogatherers of plants that could be eaten. They built shelters that were different in design, depending on the climate (the weather), and the season in their part of Australia. Clothing too varied, depending on the weather and the season.
Those groups that lived in the north traded with people who lived in New Guinea and with visiting sailors and fishermen from parts of what is now Indonesia.

The Aboriginal communities were run by older members of the group, known as elders. The Aboriginal people had their own laws, and languages, and through storytelling, rock art and bark paintings, they passed on their history to each new generation.

When did the first European explorers arrive?
In 1606 the first Europeans, (they were Dutch and from the Netherlands) to discover Australia were led by Willem Janszoon. These sailors explored the western side of Cape York, in the Gulf of Carpentaria. They made one landing, but when they were attacked by Aborigines they left!

In 1616, another Dutchman, Dirk Hartog landed on an island off the coast of Western Australia. The island is now called Dirk Hartog Island.

In 1642, a third Dutchman, Abel Tasman sailed to Tasmania, before discovering New Zealand, Fiji and visiting Papua New Guinea. He named Tasmania Van Diemen’s Land.

William Dampier
The first Englishman to see Australia was William Dampier (he’d once been a pirate!) He explored the north-west coast of Australia in 1699. Dampier was the first European to tell about seeing Australia’s ‘large hopping animals’!

In 1770, Captain James Cook was the first European to explore the eastern
coastline of Australia. 

If you use any of this information in your own work acknowledge this source in your bibliography like this:
Thomas, R. & Sydenham, S. The Discovery of Australia [Online] http://www.kidcyber.com.au (2010)

 

18 thoughts on “Early Australia – Synthesising

  1. 🚢Early Australia🏡
    Before reading I think that- Boats came to Australia with convicts on it and the Aboriginal people went very happy, one of the convicts was Ned Kelly and he broke out of the prison with Robin Hood. I now know that- Ned Kelly and Robin Hood weren’t alive then and the first people to on Australia walked 50,000 years ago. I now know that – Tasmania got sunk by the sea level rises and the torre strait islanders are very respectful because they asked to go from town to town without just trespassing. I think that- Early Australians hunted and are very good at it they are also good at survival techniques and In 1606 the Europeans came (William Janzue) (Dutch) they got attacked by aboriginals and captain cook didn’t discover Australia After reading I think that: My thoughts about Early Australia have changed and the British are liars I know this because captain Cook wasn’t the first man on Australia!

  2. TRISTAN’S SYNTHESISING WHEEL!!! Before reading I think that Aboriginal people were the first ever people to live in Australia, before the white convicts come on big wooden ships to invaded the country. I learnt that some of the first people come from Sulawesi and some even come from New Guinea. AMAZING! During my reading, the text told me that some people could have possibly came to Australia 50,000 years ago… Some scientist proved that they could of came over 70,000 years ago! I now know that most Aboriginal tribes would share their thinking through Rock Art, Story Telling and Bark Paintings. After reading the text I now know and think that Captain Cook was not the first person to discover Australia. I think this because the text explained and said that a minimum of four other Dutch men discovered Australia before Captain Cook. Author: Tristan Platt.

  3. Early Australia

    I think 11 ships arrived at Australia which they then began settling here in Australia. I now think the people who first settled here in Australia settled about 50,000 years ago and for archaeologists it’s 70,000 years ago. I now know the first people to set foot in Australia were Dutch. The Dutch settlers were polite to one another. I think this because they asked the other Dutch settlers if they could trespass through the other groups territory. I think the Aboriginals passed on their generation through story telling and rock paintings. After reading I think Captain James Cook Explored the Eastern coastline of Australia. I think this because in the text it explained he explored the North East side of Australia.

  4. Before reading I think that the convicts came to Australia by boat. I also think that they came via the Endeavour. During reading, I now think that the aboriginals came here 50 000 years ago. I know now that Willem Janzoon was the first person other than aboriginals to discover Australia. I also learnt that captain cook was the first person to discover the east coast. After reading I know that Captain Cook wasn’t the first person to discover Australia because there was at least four other people to discover aus first. Also cook only discovered the east coast.

  5. Before reading: I think that the aboriginals were there first then they got taken over when boats came.
    During reading: I now think that there been people living on Australia for around 50,000 years.
    Durning reading: I know that in Australia before the Dutch came they lived in groups around Australia and they respected each other because they asked to come in each other’s land instead of just walking in.
    Durning reading: I know now that there were around 4 Dutch people before captain cook cam.
    After reading: I know that aboriginals went in packs and they’ve be around for around 50,000 years and captain cook wants the first one who found Australia I know this because a text I read told me about it in really good detail.

  6. Before reading I think that aboriginals were the first people to ever be on Australia. During reading I learnt the aboriginal people probably began settling in Australia 50 000 years ago. After reading I know aboriginal people had territories and they asked permission to cross through other peoples territories.

  7. Before reading I think the aboriginals were the first people to live in Australia. I now think Tasmania was joined to the mainland of Australia until about 14,000 years ago. I now know humans have been living in Australia for at least 50,000 years ago. I now know Tasmania is named after Abel Tasman who discovered Tasmania. I now know the Dutch people got attack by the aboriginals because the Dutch people were stepping into there home.After reading I think the aboriginals did not want anyone else to live in Australia I think this because the aboriginals attacked the Dutch people because they were in Australia

  8. Before reading I think the Aboriginal where the first people
    In Australia.

    The Aboriginal use to trade there stuff to get something els.

    Different Aboriginals groups had to ask if they could walk threw there tertiary.

    I now no that captain cook didn’t discover Australia the Dutch discovered Australia did.

    After reading lots of people discovered Australia

  9. Before reading I think Australia had lots of convicts on the bout that they use to get to Australia. And some people in Australia settled for over 50,000 years ago which is a long time ago. Europeans where the first ones to see these large hopping things ( which commonly now as kangaroos)

    While reading I think that aboriginals got to Australia first and they learnt a lot more than we would of.

    I now think that aboriginals got to Australia first and over 50,000 years ago they were settled. Dutch explorers were the Europeans where the first to see these animals with to legs bouncing around (which are kangaroos)

  10. Abby’s Synthesising

    Before reading I think the aboriginals came in Australia first. I now think probably aboriginals began settling in Australia at least 50,000 years ago. I now know that Australians are respectful of other groups territory. I think the the aboriginals on their history by rock painting. After reading I know think about early Australia that Captain Cook was at least the 4th person to discover a bit of Australia because the Dutch people were here before Captain Cook.

  11. Before reading there were aboriginal people there fist ones on Australia then Englishman descverd the west side of Australia then in 1970 captain cook came and descverd the south side of austraila then in 1771 captain cook left Australia and went to Hawaii and captain cook died Kealakekua Bay, Hawaii, United States and in the west side of Australia Englishman took over Australia so from then people have been livening on Australia for over 50,000 years.

  12. Before reading I think that the aboriginal were the first people to discover Australia. During reading I found that people had been living here for over a thoused of years. I think that they were noise to each other because they akast if they can go tortor. I know that they hunter for so they can eat. I think that the aboriginal use patting for dream time story’s. After reading cape York disduvier New Sath whales and USA because the duck disuger the other side

  13. Before reading I think Australia had lots of convicts on the bout that they use to get to Australia. And some people in Australia settled for over 50,000 years ago which is a long time ago. Europeans where the first ones to see these large hopping things ( which commonly now as kangaroos)

    While reading I think that aboriginals got to Australia first and they learnt a lot more than we would of.

    I now think that aboriginals got to Australia first and over 50,000 years ago they were settled. Dutch explorers were the Europeans where the first to see these animals with to legs bouncing around (which are kangaroos) by Max Simpson

    1. Befor reading I think? Aboriginals where the first ones on Australia. And I think that their was not just the Aboriginals where on Australia first it Was the people how had discovers parts of Australia.

      I know think that Tasmania was joined to the main land of Australia until about 11,000 years ago.
      And I now think that captain Jaime Cook was the the first one to discover Australia and I think that he was the ones to let the aboriginals in Australia.
      I think the ones how had found Australia should get 123.0000000 dollars because Australia is full of people because they found Australia.

      I know know that Tasmania was discovered by Abril because a The enter net and the books that I have red said that he was the one who had discovered Tasmania.

  14. Before reading I think that aboriginals where the first ones in Australia. During reading I know that human properly settled in Australia at least 50000 years ago.
    During reading I know that people asked to go to other people territories. During reading I know that that Tasmania was dust overs by able Tasmania. During reading i know that
    Captain James Cook was first to explore the east cost. During reading I know that abiding aboriginals hunt and live in places that had water. After reading I think that Australia has a lot of history.

  15. Befor reading I think? Aboriginals where the first ones on Australia. And I think that their was not just the Aboriginals where on Australia first it Was the people how had discovers parts of Australia.

    I know think that Tasmania was joined to the main land of Australia until about 11,000 years ago.
    And I now think that captain Jaime Cook was the the first one to discover Australia and I think that he was the ones to let the aboriginals in Australia.
    I think the ones how had found Australia should get 123.0000000 dollars because Australia is full of people because they found Australia.

    I know know that Tasmania was discovered by Abril because a The enter net and the books that I have red said that he was the one who had discovered Tasmania.

  16. Before reading I think 11 boats from England came with convicts to make them work. I now know that the first people that came to Australia was around 50-70 thousands of years ago. I also know that the first explorers were Dutch from the Netherelands but were attacked by Aboriginals and turned around to go back home. I now think Aboriginals passed on history by rock art and storytelling. After reading I now think that early Australia is all about exploring because they Didn’t know Australia.

  17. Before reading I think that the abernals where first people to be in Australia. Now I think that humans probably began setting in Australia at least 50,000 years old. These first Australia soon occupied much of Australia. I now know that humans probably began setting in Australia at least 50,000 years old. Different groups had separate territory and they moved through their territory on foot, making pathways beside streams and rivers, or between water-holes. I now think that humans was setting in Australia until 50,000. In 1606 the first Europeans (they were Dutch and from the Netherlands) to discover Australia were led by Willen Janszoom. Some groups of people settled on the islands in the Torres Strait island. After reading I think that Captain Cook wasn’t the first to discovered the early Australia. I think that because Willem Janszoon was the first to discovered the early Australia.

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