When we work on Inquiry tasks it requires lots of research. Today we are going to use the links below to research information about Australia. When researching from the Internet we need to read information carefully and record the information that we think is important.

We will learn important features about Australia such as:

  • States
  • Capital cities
  • Landmarks
  • Australian & Aboriginal flag

Use these links to complete your Australian Research Inquiry tasks.

The Australian Flag

Today we are going to unpack a seed on the Australian Flag. The Australian Flag is a symbol for our country and every country has their own flag. There are also many other types of flags around the world that represent communities, groups of people, clubs, etc.

The Australian Flag was designed in 1901 and is blue, red and white. The flag has three symbols on it: The Union Jack, the Southern Cross and the Commonwealth/Federation Star.


After watching the video, unpack a seed on the Australian Flag. What is the Union Jack? What is the Southern Cross? What is the Commonwealth/Federation Star?

Many people believe the Australian Flag should be changed because it is out-dated and does not represent all Australians. Do you think the flag should be replaced?

History – Why did people explore?

Last week we discussed and read reasons why people explored a long time ago.

Can you remember any reasons why people explored?

This week we are going to choose one explorer and research them in detail so we will be able to write a biography. When we write a biography on an explorer we will try and use information that explains:

  • Who the person was
  • Where they were from and important information about their early life
  • What they did and why (their occupation)
  • Their achievements (What did they discover? Why are they famous?)
  • Any other important pieces of information about the explorer.

Choose from one of the explorers and below each explorer is some links that will help you find websites to research.

Captain James Cook

Abel Tasman

William Dampier

Dirk Hartog



Early Explorers

ExplorersWhy did people explore?

During the 17th and 18th centuries there were no aeroplanes or fast ships. There was no technology and many parts of the world had not been discovered by the Europeans. Many explorers spent years sailing the seas. What were they searching for? 

Explorers were sometimes looking for places that no one from Europe had been to before. Sometimes they were looking for resources, or things like spices, vegetables and metals. Sometimes they wanted to find new land and become famous. 

Sailors were often sent searching in the hope they would gain more power and money. 

Why do you think explorers came to Australia? What do you think they found?

Early explorers of Australia

Let’s have a look at some of the explorers who came to Australia. 

Willem Jansz

Willem Jansz was a Dutch sailor, who is said to be the first European to find Australia in 1606.  

Jansz and his crew landed in Australia (Cape York) where they met a group of Aboriginal people. The two groups ended up in a fight and one of the crewmembers was speared to death.  

Dirk Hartog

Dirk Hartog was also a Dutch sailor, who is believed to be the first European on the West coast of Australia. 

In 1616 Hartog and his crew were blown off course and landed on a small island near Shark Island. Today, this island is called Dirk Hartog Island.  

Abel Tasman

Anthony van Dieman was a Dutch man who wanted to explore New Holland (Australia). 

In 1642 Abel Tasman was employed to lead this trip. Tasman and his crew landed on Tasmania in November 1642. Tasman named the island Van Dieman’s Land, but we know it today as Tasmania. 

William Dampier

William Dampier was an English pirate! Dampier visited New Holland (Australia) twice.   

The first time Dampier came was in 1688 when he was onboard the Cygnet, a pirate ship. The ship became damaged and the crew made the repairs on the West coast of Australia. 

In 1699 Dampier was sent back to Australia by the English government. They wanted him to find out more about the country. On the trip Dampier gave Shark Bay and Roebuck Bay their names. The journey ended in disaster because the ship sank before he could return home. 

He arrived back in England as a passenger on another ship and was considered a disgrace.

Captain James Cook

In 1770, Captain James Cook was the first European to explore the eastern coastline of Australia.

Australian Geography

Below is a map of Australia. It is a blank map with no labels on it.

Your task is to use the link below (click on the link and it will take you to another internet page) to research all of the states/territories and capital cities in Australia.

You will then find the states and cities before writing a comment for this post of all the states/territories and their capital cities.

Example: Purple = Victoria, Melbourne. (Use the colours on the map to separate the states)

If you are able to complete that task, use the link below to research 5 Australian landmarks (and their state) and use Google to research 5 famous Australians. You will complete this task in a separate comment. For this task please try and use some sentences.