Inquiry Unit – Bushrangers/Week 3

Bushranging – living off the land and being supported by or stealing from free settlers – was either chosen as a preferred way of life by escaped convicts or was a result of the lack of supplies in the early settlements. Australia’s bushranging period spanned nearly 100 years, from the first convict bushrangers active from 1790 to the 1860s, through the outlawed bushrangers of the 1860s and 1870s who were able to be shot on sight, to the shooting of the Kelly Gang in 1880.

While many bushrangers had populist reputations for being ‘Robin Hood’ figures; some bushrangers were brutal and others harassed the gold escorts and diggers returning from the goldfields. The popularity of bushrangers and their ethos of ‘fight before surrender’ was commemorated in bush songs and folklore.

You will need to ensure you work very hard and focus on achieving the tasks that are below.

Today you will work on your timeline, mind-map/seed, begin drafting your historical fiction piece of writing and reflect on your new learning about Australian bushrangers.


All groups started their timeline last week (some groups have finished). Remember we used Microsoft Word to make our timeline and we should have some pictures on our timelines to add to the presentation. Use the information that was written down in your books and ensure all of your events are in order. You may print a coloured copy of you’ve included pics.


Both group members will need to do their own mind-map. However you will need to research together and share ideas with each other. Use a A3 piece of paper for your draft mind-map.

Your mind-map/seed will based on your inquiry question and should include the following information:

  • What was a bushranger?
  • Why did bushrangers exist?
  • What type of crimes did bushrangers commit?
  • How did bushrangers affect Australia?
  • What were the punishments for being a bushranger?
  • Who were the most popular bushrangers?

Below are some links that may assist you in finding some information on bushrangers for your mind-map/seed.


A historical fiction piece of writing is a narrative story that is based on real life events. Today you begin to draft a historical fiction piece of writing, which may require you to research further into bushrangers.

Your piece of writing must be written with lots of powerful language, reflect the era of bushrangers and will be written from a bushrangers perspective like an open-minded portrait. Your piece of writing may end with some suspense and does not need to have a specific ending.

You may base your writing on an event listed below, or you could find your own historical event involving a bushranger to base your writing on.

  • The Kelly Gang > Stringy Bark Creek Murders
  • The Kelly Gang > Glenrowan shootout
  • A bushranger on the goldfields
  • A bushranger on the run


On the post you need to leave a comment before you get your lunch. Your comment must include the following:

  • Two things you have learnt about bushrangers today.
  • What is your goal for next week?

Look & Learn: The First Fleet

Today we are going to complete  a look and learn based on the First Fleet. We will also read a part of The First Fleet by John Nicholson to help you with your understanding.

Look at the images and complete a descriptive look and learn by trying to extend your thinking about the topic.

– Explain what life was like in England prior to the First Fleet.

– Describe what the conditions were like on the First Fleet.

– Explain what life would’ve have been like for the convicts when they arrived to Australia.

– Explain how the indigenous people would’ve have felt when their land was invaded by the First Fleet.

Australian History Timeline

A timeline is a visual representation of important historical events throughout time. Below is an example of timeline based on China’s history.

Today you will begin to research major events throughout Australia’s history (prior to the First Fleet through to Federation). You will use your research to design your own Australian timeline. Included in the timeline should be the first Australians, major European explorations of Australia, The First Fleet, Continued transportation, Port Arthur, Gold Rush, Eureka Stockade, Bushrangers and Federation. A sentence describing each event will be required.

Everyone will need to do a draft timeline before using Microsoft Word to present the timeline.

Inquiry Tune in Week 1 – Australian History

This term you will be inquiring into Australia’s history. Today we will look at some major events and historical pieces of information that have shaped Australia. In the coming weeks you will inquire into a specific event that affected our country.


Explain what you know/think about Australia prior to the first fleet.

Describe two things that you have learnt about Australia prior to the first fleet.

Put your thinking into a synthesising wheel.


Explain what you know/think about the First Fleet.

Describe at least two things that you have learnt about the First Fleet.

Put your thinking into a synthesising wheel.



Explain what you know/think about federation.

Describe at two things that you have learnt about federation.

Put your thinking into a synthesising wheel.